How do You Get Rid of Dandruff and Itchy Scalp
Ramazan Pakwan

How do You Get Rid of Dandruff and Itchy Scalp

How do You Get Rid of Dandruff and Itchy Scalp

What causes dandruff?

Normally, the skin of the scalp, like the rest of the body, is renewed once a month: the new cells are formed in the deeper layers of the dermis and subsequently removes dead cells, pushing them towards the outside of the epidermis.

how do you get rid of dandruff and itchy scalp

But that process is altered when a microscopic fungus (pityriasis) starts playing on the scalp. As a result, the process accelerates and dead cells do not have time to separate slowly, so they stick to each other and concentrate flaky on the surface of the scalp.

Stress, hormonal imbalance, excessive sweating, eating too acidic or repeated harm to the scalp (shampoos, coloring, perms, dyes …) are just a myriad of factors that can cause dandruff.

Some people with eczema, psoriasis or with oily hair have a greater predisposition to dandruff. Dry dandruff (which is visible especially on the shoulders) and fat (large plates attached to the scalp): two types of dandruff are distinguished. If you want to learn how do you get rid of dandruff and itchy scalp, follow the tips below.

How do You Get Rid of Dandruff and Itchy Scalp

Types of Dandruff

Two types of dandruff, depending on the structure and the adhesion to the scalp can be distinguished:

  • Dry dandruff is whitish flakes that do not adhere to the scalp. It is like dandruff falling “snowflakes shoulder” while you’re combing. The scales are usually populated by microorganisms, parasites and fungi that accentuate tiny itchy scalp.
  • A greasy dandruff flakes are larger than fat dry dandruff, since cluster advantage of the presence of sebum. They adhere to the scalp and form a sort of compact layer that causes choking and hair loss eventually. The greater the sebaceous glands under, the more the epidermis breathes. It’s a vicious circle.

What to do to clear dandruff:

It is essential to use a dandruff treatment. To be effective at a hundred percent, the shampoo must contain at least one of these three active principles: an antifungal and antibacterial such as zinc pyrithione and selenium sulfide (to reduce the number of fungi); coal tar (which slows the abnormal production of skin cells); or a keratolytic active, such as sulfur or salicylic acid (for descaling the scale, since off and removes the keratin layer of the skin surface).
Besides shampoos, you can use a full treatment at least once a week (leave on for 20 minutes before or after shampooing) so that the scalp can breathe.
You can also follow up with a treatment of vitamins or supplements based on provitamin A, vitamins B, C and E, or selenium.

… And prevent the dandruff from returning:

Use a dandruff or anti-itch shampoo. You can choose it depending on the type (oily, dry, scaly, irritated) scalp hair (thin, stained, damaged) and dander (oily, dry, durable, sporadic).

  • Stop “rough” hair: massage it, rinse it and comb gently.
  • Always wet hair with warm water and finish with cold running water.
  • Wash the comb or brush regularly to prevent the fungus from re-infecting the scalp.
  • Minimize the use of hair gel, foam or varnish.
  • Let time pass between each perming, straightening or dyeing session (once a month).
  • Maintain a balanced diet, not too high in fat, or too acidic.

Also read: How to Get Rid of Oily Scalp: Causes and Remedies





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