Exercise in Pregnancy
Exercise in Pregnancy. Excessive physical exertion during pregnancy may be accompanied by an increased risk of preterm birth and fetal malformations. Therefore, it is advisable to follow a daily routine of stretching, warm-up and relaxation exercises.
Exercise in Pregnancy
Is it true that a pregnant woman may be more likely to have an injury when she practices physical exercise?
True, this is because the hormonal changes that women undergo during pregnancy make the joints “looser” (ligament laxity), making the pregnant woman more susceptible to some type of injury (ankle sprains, shoulders, etc.).
Exercise affects the growth or development of the fetus. Several studies of physical activity and fetal growth or development generally indicate that in a healthy, well-fed woman, it does not adversely affect a baby’s growth or development.
Is it true that physical exercise can help to have uterine contractions?
Studies to date have not been able to demonstrate this fact. However, the practice of exercise increases the concentration of hormones in the blood, including norepinephrine, which has the ability to stimulate the uterus so that, theoretically, could stimulate uterine contractions triggering a premature birth.
Risks of the pregnant woman
The practice of physical exercise can aggravate the risks that the pregnant woman tends to suffer, among which are:
- Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar
- You may have miscarriages in the first trimester of pregnancy
- You may have premature births
- You may have musculoskeletal injuries
- Symptoms for which you should see your doctor
Any pregnant woman who does sport must be informed of certain symptoms that may occur and indicate the need to stop exercising, and go to the specialist’s appointment as soon as possible.
- Vaginal bleeding.
- Difficulty breathing (when exercising, it is normal for the pregnant woman to have a more choppy breath, but if this fact is prolonged too much it may indicate the existence of some complication)
- Chest pain (palpitations or tachycardias may be signs of a heart problem)
- Muscular weakness
- Pain or swelling of the legs
- Feeling of contractions
- Sudden reduction or absence of fetal movements
- Loss of fluid through the vagina
- Contraindications for exercise in pregnancy
Physical exercise is contraindicated in pregnant women who have the following conditions:
- Heart disease
- Lung disease
- Arterial hypertension
- Incompetent cervix
- Threatened abortion
- Multiple pregnancy
- Repeat abortions
- Breakage of the amniotic fluid bag
- Vaginal bleeding